Fast Facts : -
Occasion: Bhai Dooj/ Bhai Tika
Location: All over India
Festival Time: October
Legend : Legend of Lord Yamraj and sister Yamuna,
Famous Rituals: Applying Tika, Performing Aarti,
Presenting gifts and sweets
Cuisine: Pineapple and Mango Salad, Paneer Simla, Cumin
Rice, Sandash, Khir and ladoos.
Festival Attraction: Rangoli, Puja platform, Puja thali,
Bhai Dooj greetings and gift hampers
Like Raksha Bhandan, Bhai Dooj has deep significance in Indian culture. It
carries several regional name, like in West Bengal the festival is called as
Bhai Phota, in Nepal as Bhai Tika etc. The tradition of sister applying tika
to her brother's forehead and praying God for his well-being is age-old. The
day falls immediately after Diwali and is celebrated all over India in
Soul Connecting Legend of Bhai Dooj
According to Hindu mythology, Bhai Dooj is associated with the legends of
Yamraj and Yamuna, Goddess Lakshmi and Bali, Lord Krishna and sister
Subhadra, Lord Mahavir and Sudarshana and many. Beside, the saga underlying
the days of God and Goddesses, many other stories relating to normal
human-beings are also quoted in historical book.
The most popular mythic tale depicts the relation between Lord Yamraj and
his twin sister Yammuna and Yami. Accordingly, Yamraj, after a long period
of separation from his sister, visited the home of Yami. He received
exceptional love and sacred red tilak from his sister. He was so overwhelmed
with sister's love that he declared the auspicious day as Bhai Dooj. Since
then he began the custom of celebrating it by every brothers and sisters. As
per the legend the festival is also known as 'Yama Dwiteeya'.
Rituals in Bhai Dooj
According to Hindu calendar, Bhaiya Dooj falls in Kartik month, two days
after the new moon appears. Though the festival is known by different names,
it is followed in the common way of sisters smearing brother's forehead with
sandal wood paste/or red tilak and then performing Aarti for their brothers.
They offer sweets to their Bhaiyas and in return they receive gift and
assurance that in any odd or evens in the life, their brother will always
carry their responsibility. It is said that tilak used on the ritual as the
holy protective power to save brothers from evil effects.
Bhai Dooj Shlokas( Sanskrit Version)
"Bhratus tabaa grajaataaham, Bhunksa bhaktamidam shuvam Preetaye yama
raajasya Yamunaah Visheshatah."
The above quoted line means- I'm your sister, Eat this sacred rice, For the
pleasure of "Yam Raj" and "Yamuna".
Bhai Dooj Attraction and Celebration:
Bhai dooj is two days after Diwali, therefore celebration is continued with
beholding the prior decoration. Sister start preparing pooja items,
including Puja platform, Diya(lamp), roli, rice, coconut and sweets. They
decorate their house with drawing colorful Rangolis To make the day special,
home makers also prepare dishes like Pineapple and Mango Salad, Paneer
Simla, Cumin Rice, Sandash, Khir and ladoos.
While sister make efforts to present their brothers some tasty delicacies,
brother empty their pocket with shopping excellent gift hampers, chocolates
and greeting cards. Younger saves the packet of crackers from Diwali gift
collection for the very day.