Occasion: Chhat Puja
Festival Time: October-November
Legend or Deity: Sun God
Cuisine: Thekuwa, Laddoo, Sattu ki Roti, Litti, Padas,
Tourists Attraction: Lighting earthen lamp on the
riverbank, pooja rituals
Staying Options: Hotel Chanakya, Hotel Pataliputra,
Maurya Patna, Hotel Samrat
lebrate the advent of the monsoons. Celebrated on the third day of the
bright Unlike the festivals and rituals performed inside the four corner of
temple or home, Chhat Festival followed on the river bank. It is believed to
be thanks giving festival to Sun God, the supreme power blessing life on the
earth. It is celebrated with great fun and frolic all over India, but the
real essence can be felt with visiting Bihar, where pious Ganga gets dotted
with devotees on the two- day festival
Soul Connecting Rituals in Chhat Festival
Chhat Festival is a big chapter in the culture catalog of Bihar. Dedicated
to Sun God, it is a festival where both man and women of a family
participate equally in ritualistic activities.
Chhat festival is a two day celebration. On the first day, devotees rise up
early in the morning and proceed towards praying 'Surya Dev' on the nearby
river banks. They are accompanied by chorus, singing devotional folk songs.
Men, with bare-chest carries offerings in a basket made of bamboo weaves.
Bunch of bananas, coconut, flowers, sandalwood paste, oranges, earthen lamp
and turmeric are some contents to be offered at any cost.
Devotees offer prayer before the sun rises. They make a holy dip on the
chilling water and chant mantras of Rig Veda with great religious heart. A
glimpse of the lighting lamps, floating on the river is simply
unexplainable. After completion of the day ritual, prasad are distributed,
following moving back home.
The second day ritual starts in the afternoon. Devotees maintain fast and
like the first day, they visit the river bank, worship God and offer their
preparations. All the rituals are done before the setting sun. During Chhat
festivals devotees avoid having salted meals and feed themselves with prasad
Chhat Festival Attraction and Celebration
Devotees start preparing for the festival soon after the festival of light,
Diwali. They clean their their house, sweep away dirts from the surrounding,
buy new clothes for themselves and required materials for the Pooja. They
make home-made items made of harvested products like rice wheat etc. Newly
produce rice are soaked and are male into paste-form. Into it a mixture of
date fruits, nuts and crushed coconut are added and cooked to laddoos. A
traditional cake, Thekuwa, made of wheat is also prepared. Sattu ki Roti,
Litti, Padas, Dahi and Chutney are also served to the guest.
According to the festival ritual, women, in order to prepare offerings
should refrain themselves from eating cooked meals and wearing stitched
clothes. They need to take bath and refresh themselves before entering the
Place of Staying in Bihar
Bihar maintains the tradition of hospitality and owning to this a number of
staying options are developed in the major towns and cities of the State.
Hotel Chanakya, Hotel Pataliputra, Maurya Patna, Hotel Samrat, The Royal
Residency and lot more are furnished with best facilities, that add color to
visitors holidaying here.
Reaching Bihar during Chhat Festival
The Airport in capital Patna is connected by means of regular flights like
Sahara Airlines with major Indian cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata,
Commuting network by train services under Indian Railways connects Bihar
with major and minor cities and towns in India. Rajdhani Express, Shatabdi
Express are a few to name.
Both private and state owned buses connects national highways Nos: 2, 23,
28, 30, 31 and 33 with State Highways, thereby aiding visitors travel from
one place to another in short span of time.